Prosthetic Nails

Beauty Treatment

Prosthetic Nails are the use of gel or acrylic materials to give the nails a long and aesthetic look or to change the shape.

Besides being used for aesthetic purposes, it is also used to protect fragile nails and the nail bed or to repair a broken nail.

Types of prosthetic nails:

  • Nail prosthetics with acrylics. Acrylic is a synthetic material based on acrylic and methacrylic acids. To build up a nail master blends a special powder with a special liquid, a monomer. The result is a viscous mass that hardens easily under the influence of air. It takes around 7 minutes for the surface to harden. Acrylic can be worn for up to several months. Cons: toxicity. After such a nail extension, the nail plate, which does not receive normal nutrition, becomes thin and very fragile. Pros: acrylic is removed with a special agent – grinding dust does not enter the respiratory tract, you can create an incredible design with it – a very flexible material. And it also helps to ‘repair’ your broken nail.  
  • Gel nail prosthetics. Nail extension gels come in several varieties: single-phase, two-phase and three-phase. The single-phase gels adhere well to the plate and serve as a basecoat and topcoat. The three-phase gels can take several hours to build up. Like acrylics, these gels are polymers which harden when exposed to UV light. Pros: the gels are non-toxic, have almost no odour and are considered completely safe. With their help you can achieve the most natural effect – the nail plate turns out flexible and very thin. Cons: sawing off when removing them. People with bronchial asthma and other respiratory problems are contraindicated in this type of nail extension.
  • Biogel nail extensions.  Biogel is a type of the usual extension gel, but it has an important feature – it is almost 100% made of natural, not synthetic materials. That’s why it has practically no contraindications – even pregnancy and breast-feeding. The basis of almost all biogels is mulberry tree resin, which has a positive effect on the nail plate (this type of nail extension is considered therapeutic): it contains proteins and other components that improve the structure and stimulate metabolism. The material allows you to create a plastic, but durable coating. It adheres tightly to the nail, preventing the ingress of moisture and providing protection against fungal infections.
  • Combined nail prostheticsThis type of nail extension is designed to combine all the best qualities of the gel and acrylic types. It will give the opportunity to make nails more durable, as in acrylic nail extension, but shiny, as in gel nail extension. There are also more options for nail design.
  • Silk nail extensions. This nail extension uses fabric – linen, silk, fiberglass. Because of their softness, they are pre-soaked in a special substance that has the ability to polymerize. In addition to this, basic materials such as gel and acrylics can also be used. Silk extensions can be used to protect natural nails and help them to become stronger. The result is a very neat and natural looking manicure.

Methods of nail extension

  • Tip nail extensions. Tips are plastic nails that are glued to your own nail bed with a special glue. Manicurists use them to apply gels. The procedure is as follows: glue the tip, trim it and shape it.
  • So-called liquid tips are also used. A special gel is poured into a small mould and covers the nail plate by 70%. The product is cured for about three minutes under UV light. The technician then polishes and moulds the nails.
  • Nail extension on the forms. Forms are special templates, which are disposable and reusable. The first are made of special foil or thick paper, the second – from Teflon, metal or plastic (before each use they are treated with antiseptic). Nail extension on the form has several advantages. First and most importantly – the nail plate is not grinded. This method gives the opportunity to create a smooth curve, giving absolutely any shape and even changing the direction of growth. 

Prosthetic Nails are not for:

  • Taking antibiotics and hormonal medication.
  • Menstruation at the time of the procedure and the day before the start of the cycle.
  • Pregnancy and lactation.
  • Diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, blood circulation problems.
  • Herpes, especially if there is a rash on the hands.
  • Graves’ disease.
  • Fungal disorders.
  • Increased humidity in the hands. This is not an absolute contraindication, but artificial nails will quickly peel off in parts, leading to the need to make corrections too often.
  • Injuries and bruises on the fingers and under the nails.


  • Do not use nail polish based on acetone. 
  • The housework should be done with gloves. 
  • Correction should be done in time. 
  • Care should be taken at all times and mechanical damage should be prevented. It is forbidden to knock with the nails and open anything with them. 
  • Care should be taken with temperature changes. Nails should not be touched with hot, otherwise the manicure will turn yellow, crack and become unusable.

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Are prosthetic nails safe?

Prosthetic nails, or artificial/fake nails, can be safe when applied and maintained properly. It is important to have them applied by a professional nail technician using quality materials. Regular maintenance, proper hygiene, and gentle removal are essential for their safety. It’s also important to be aware of any allergies or sensitivities to nail products. By following these precautions and seeking professional guidance, you can enjoy prosthetic nails while minimizing potential risks.

Are prosthetic nails reusable?

The reusability of prosthetic nails depends on the type of nails and the adhesive used. Some fake nails, such as press-on nails or reusable nail tips, can be removed and reapplied multiple times if they are in good condition and properly cared for. However, other types of fake nails, such as acrylic or gel nails, are typically not reusable as they are applied with a strong adhesive and are meant to be worn until they are professionally removed and replaced.

How prosthetic nails remove?

Prosthetic nails, such as acrylic or gel nails, are typically removed by following a few simple steps. First, the shiny topcoat layer of the prosthetic nails is gently buffed to break the seal. Next, the nails are soaked in acetone nail polish remover either by placing the fingertips in a bowl of acetone or by wrapping them with cotton balls soaked in acetone. After about 10-15 minutes of soaking, the softened prosthetic nails can be gently pushed and lifted off the natural nails using a cuticle pusher or a wooden manicure stick. It’s important to be gentle and avoid forcing or prying too aggressively to prevent damage to the natural nails. Once the prosthetic nails are removed, any residue can be smoothed with a nail buffer, followed by washing the hands to remove any remaining residue. Finally, applying a moisturizing nail and cuticle oil helps nourish and hydrate the natural nails. It’s worth noting that professional removal at a salon is recommended for optimal safety and to avoid potential damage to the natural nails.

What fake nails last the longest?

Acrylic nails, hard gel nails, and polygel nails are known for their durability and long-lasting results. Acrylic nails can last 2-3 weeks, hard gel nails can last 3-4 weeks, and polygel nails typically last 2-3 weeks before needing maintenance or a fill. Proper nail care, maintenance, and visiting a skilled nail technician are important factors for maximizing the lifespan of prosthetic nails.

When should I not have my nails done?

Nail extensions are not allowed if you are undergoing chemotherapy or taking antibiotics (as the body produces substances that contribute to the rejection of the extensions). You also can’t have your nails done if you have a fungal infection. Nail extensions during pregnancy are also not advisable.

Do I need a manicure just before getting my nails done?

A manicure before nail extensions is not advisable as the cuticle must not be damaged. If you prefer a wet manicure, you should have it either three to four days before or after the nail extension, not just before. A machine manicure has no such restrictions.

Is it true that nails are damaged, break and don’t grow properly after the removal of nail extensions?

Modern nail extension technology is no more harmful than nail polish. Nails are spoiled by unprofessional masters – by strong filing and use of low-quality materials.

What is the difference between acrylic and gel nail extensions?

Acrylic and gel nail extensions use different techniques. During the gel procedure, the nail plate is coated with gel and then cured under a UV lamp. Acrylic nail extensions do not require UV exposure.

Which nails are stronger: acrylic or gel nails?

In general, acrylic nails are considered stronger, while gel nails are more gentle for your own nails.

What is nail strengthening with gel?

Nails are gel-reinforced over your own nails. This means that the length and shape of the nails are retained, but they are given strength and shine.

Why do I need to have my nails corrected?

As the nail grows back, a gel-free (acrylic) line forms near the cuticle. It is therefore recommended to have your nails corrected every 3-4 weeks for a well-groomed look.

Is nail extensions harmful?

Absolutely no harm, as the nail plate is completely hardened. If you follow the correct extension technique, moreover – your native nails are not exposed to the outside environment underneath the artificial material.

Can I paint my nails?

Absolutely, yes. By the way, the nail polish lasts much longer and looks much better on permanent nails. But you must always use a nail polish remover that does not contain acetone.

How long can my nails be extended to?

Nails can be extended to any desired length – it all depends on personal tastes and preferences. However, when choosing the length, you should consider the household factor – for example, when caring for an infant, you shouldn’t make your nails too long. The optimum length is when the free edge is half the length of the natural nail plate.

What kind of design can I do on my extensions?

You can choose any nail design you like: French: the nail plate is covered with as natural colour as possible, while a white colour is applied to the nail tip. Aquarium: a picture-under-glass effect; Artistic painting: all sorts of patterns and designs are drawn on the nails with a thin brush; Three-dimensional: protruding elements are made on the nail plate, Decorating nails with crystals and gold leaf. Today the manicure masters have a great many offers. Which one you prefer depends only on your tastes and wishes.

What are cuticle separation?

If you don’t prepare your natural nails properly before extensions, or if you use poor quality acrylics or gels, the material starts to come off at the cuticle side – this is called peeling. It peels off in the middle of the natural nails, and sometimes falls off completely. Dirt and humidity can get into the holes, and it’s very bad for your nails, where all sorts of bacteria can settle. If you see peeling on your nails, that’s the first sign that you need to change the system, and possibly the technician. In very rare cases, the material may be rejected by the client’s body.

How often should I remove my prosthetic nails to give my natural nails a chance to breathe?

Nails are corneous formations that have a lamellar structure. They are not able to breathe, evaporate moisture, nails do not require food and rest, only the matrix (the heart of the nail) is alive. It is located under the posterior nail bed and is supplied with oxygen through the blood supply. The nail plate itself, which we use in extensions, is a dead layer of keratin. The nails only need to be removed when you decide that you no longer want to extend them for a long period of time.

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